North Africa’s Arab Spring hasn’t been finished yet

August 15, 2012 11:13 am

Thousands of people were on streets to protest against a draft constitution, which would be able to restrict women’s rights. Egypt’s new leader also has to face serious challanges.

A demonstration had been held in Tunisia’s heart on Monday as several thousands of Tunisian people protested against the most powerful political party, the Ennahda. According to the news, the Ennahda and its coalition partners are to accept a change in the constitution, which would degrade women to secondary citizens of the state – as the protestors claim.

One and a half year after the Jasmine revolution – which overthrew Ben Ali’s authoritarian regime – there is still not full peace in Tunisia. At October 2011, when the islamists won the general elections, they promised not to introduce strict islamic laws. However, there wasn’t any kind of ’islamic change’ in the country, citizens of Tunisia don’t feel that they got a full liberty – which they sought during the revolution, and during the Ben Ali-regime.

“We are proud of Tunisian women … and we will not let Islamists turn our spring into a winter” said Sami Layouni, a men protestor to the Reuters. According to the people, who took part in the demonstration, at least a part of the society fears of an islamic change in one of the most liberal Arab state.

Now, Ennahda and its coalition partners have to balance between their voters, the protestors and the salafi muslims – who also put pressure on the government – if they want to preserve the relative stability in their country.

There are tensions in the neighboring Egypt too. The country’s new president, Mohamed Morsi is in search of the real power as the military has pulled him back continuously in the recent months. However, according to the informations of the New York Times, now Mr. Morsi can rely on the younger generation of military leaders, who want to restore the image of the military, and seem to be more cooperative than their older colleagues.

As he recognized the fact, that cooperation with the older military leaders couldn’t worked, the president forcibly retired the country’s defense minister, Field Marshal Mohamed Hussein Tantawi, and the army chief of staff, Sami Hafez Enan on Sunday. Changing in the leadership could be a chance for the younger officers to get promotions, and for the president to get more cooperative military leadership.

One and a half year after the Arab Spring broke out, the leaders of the North African Arab countries still have a lot of things to do in order to stabilize their power, and to turn their countries into fully established democracies.

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